The GV Meridian - Functions Chart

The GV Meridian

Below you will find clinical usage information for all points along the (GV) Governing Vessel Meridian . You may click on a specific acupuncture point for more detailed information including the location, clinical usages, and related patterns and conditions.

Meridian Graphic

There Are 28 Points Along The (GV) Governing Vessel Meridian ...

The GV Meridian Functions Chart

GV 1 Long Strong

  • Main point for hemorrhoids from excess or deficiency, anal prolapse, analfissure; otherr hemorrhoid points: UB 25, UB 30, UB 32, UB 35, UB 57, Erbai.
  • Diarrhea with or without blood in the stools, constipation.
  • Important point for genitourinary disorders, for the five types of painful urinary disorder (Five Lin), urinary retention, sexual exhaustion, impotence, seminal emission.
  • Main point for disorders of the coccyx. Injuries to the coccyx will generally cause the tip of the coccyx to point more ventrally, to deviate to one side, or both, affecting the energetics of the spine and the whole body.
  • A strong descending action on spirit disorders - epilepsy, manic depression.  

GV 2 Lumbar Shu

  • May be used instead of GV 1 for anal issues - prolapse, hemorrhoids.
  • Warming point, for cold in the lower warmer, irregular menstruation, amenorrhea or uterine bleeding from deficiency, leukorrhea, weakness or atrophy of the lower limbs, seminal emission, impotence, diarrhea.
  • Coccyx pain with difficulty sitting or pain at the opposite end of the channel, posterior neck pain, occipital or frontal headache.  

GV 3 Lumbar Yang Pass

  • Warming point for cold or cold damp in the lower warmer, often treated with moxa for low back pain from deficiency, women's discharges (leukorrhea) due to cold, dysmenorrhea, irregular menstruation, impotence, seminal emission, infertility, incontienence, colities, edema, pain or weakness of the lower limb or knee.
  • Name is "lumbar gate" or "lumbar hinge," at this point the low back bends in flexion, treat for pain when bending forward.
  • Differentiation: GV 3 is a more local point whereas GV 4 is for back pain resulting from yang deficiency  

GV 4 Life Gate

  • Clears heat from the whole body, for heat disorders of the five zang, malarial disorders, steaming bone disease (can be associated with Tubercolosis among other conditions, a feeling of heat very deep in the body - Kidney Yin Deficiency from a TCM perspective).
  • Main point for tonifying Kidney qi and yang, for low back pain, weak knees, copious nocturnal urination, impotence, seminal emissions, deficient cold menstrual disorders, dysmenorrhea, cold-type vaginal discharge, daybreak diarrhea (5 a.m.) - possibly diarrhea with blood in the stools. Works well with ginger moxa.
  • Adrenal exhaustion from stress or overwork, fatigue, lack of sexual vitality or sexual exhaustion.
  • Epilepsy, tinnitus, dizziness, fear, panic attacks a/or fright.
  • Hemorrhoids, rectal prolapse.  

GV 5 Suspended Pivot

  • Local point for low back pain.
  • Diarrhea, indigestion, poor assimilation (undigested food in stools), running piglet (similar in ways to a panic attack), shan disorder (abdominal pain, indigestion, swelling of the genitalia, hernias).  

GV 6 Spinal Center

  • General and Local spine problems.
  • Adjusts the Spleen, reinforces UB 20, for loss of appetite, abdominal pain and fullness, diarrhea, jaundice, hemorrhoids.
  • Epilepsy, rectal prolapse in children (deadman).  

GV 7 Central Pivot

  • Local point for back pain.
  • Epigastric pain, abdominal pain a/or bloating, poor appetite, amenorrhea.
  • Reinforce UB 19 Gallbladder Shu.  

GV 8 Sinew Contraction

  • Reinforces Liver Back-shu (UB 18), special point for spasms in the sinews, general muscles tightness and contraction, spine stiffness, combine with GB 34, Huatuo of T9-T10, UB 18, LV 3, LV 8, LV 14.
  • Stress, irritability, physical heart pain, repressed anger, overly expressed anger.
  • Manic depression, epilepsy.
  • Mentioned for epigastric and cardiac pain.  

GV 9 Extremity of Yang

  • Important point for mid-thoracic pain, chest and flank pain radiating from the back.
  • Asthma, cough, difficulty speaking due to shortness of breath, opens the chest and relaxes the diaphragm, combine with UB 17 and Huatuo of T7.
  • Important point for LV/GB disharmony, especially involving damp heat, for hepatitis, jaundice, cholecystitis  

GV 10 Spirit Tower

  • Clears Blood heat and infectious toxicity, for carbuncles, furuncles, boils, abscesses anywhere on the body but especially on the upper back, neck and face. Good point for acne.
  • Neck a/or back pain.
  • Cough, asthma.  

GV 11 Spirit Path

  • Important point for spirit problems, palpitations, anxiety, poor memory, muddled thinking, absent-mindedness, insomnia, has strong effect on mind and mood, combine with Huatuo of T5 and UB 15 for stress.
  • Pain and stiffness of the upper back, cardiac region pain a/or discomfort, cough, asthma.
  • Differentiation: GV 11 is mostly for deficiency of HT & LU whereas GV 12 is more for excess of HT & LU.  

GV 12 Body Pillar

  • Heat in the lungs and chest, cough, asthma, chest pain, mentioned classically for whooping cough (use cupping).
  • Supporting point for chronic conditions affecting the lungs, for deficiency asthma, exhaustion from deficient Lung qi.
  • Used for strengthening deficiencies and promoting strong development in children, epilepsy.
  • Classically noted for "seeing ghosts" and "rage with desire to kill" (deadman text) -  which can indicate a range of stronger modern psychological issues such as schizophrenia, manic depression, bipolar depression.  It does this by clearning excess heat from heart and lungs (i.e. chest), which can lead to an unsettled spirit.  

GV 13 Kiln Path

  • Special for steaming bone disorder or inflammatory diseases affecting the bones, chills and fever.
  • Important point for malaria.
  • Stiffness of the neck a/or spine, heavy head, headaches.  

GV 14 Great Hammer

  • Meeting point of all yang meridians, GV 14 is indicated for exterior conditions as it expels pathogens and firms the yang; clearing heat and fevers whether mild or severe; and for tonifying the yang and strengthening the neck and spine.
  • Main point for acute wind cold or wind heat, colds and flu, especially with fever and chills, opens the pores to cause sweating. If a patient with underlying deficiency presents with chills and no fever use moxa.
  • Main point for reducing high fevers, combine with LU 11, UB 40 (can bleed these points). Main point for summer heat.
  • Cough, asthma.
  • Main point for spontaneous sweating from qi deficiency or night sweats from yin deficiency.
  • Main point for neck and upper back pain and stiffness, combine with GB 20, UB 10, UB 11, UB 12, Bailao, SI 12, SI 13, etc. As the tissue is often thick here, insert slowly and use mild manipulation, then redirect needle towards each shoulder using oblique insertion.
  • Strengthens the wei qi, wind cold can enter the body through the triangle formed by GV 14 and UB 12. Keep this area warm, supple and flexible with needle, moxa, massage to promote longevity.
  • Epilepsy, hypertension, insomnia, nosebleed.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used for bone issues (arthritis, spurs, scoliosis), calcium issues, hand issues.  

GV 15 Mute's Gate

  • Opens the orifices refers to the mouth, throat and tongue, for throat swelling, hoarseness, post-stroke speech disorders, important point for muteness due to tongue stiffness or vocal cord disorders.
  • Epilepsy, stroke, manic depression, loss of consciousness.
  • Occipital headaches, especially with neck stiffness, upper cervical pain and restricted neck rotation, heaviness of head - GV 15 lies over the space between C1 and C2, and can help release the suboccipital musculature which compresses the atlanto-occipital joint.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used to stimulate the medulla and limbic system, useful for emotional issues.  

GV 16 Wind Mansion

  • Main point for wind, whether exterior or interior, particularly affecting the head and neck. For wind cold headache, stiff neck, aversion to wind; as well as dizziness, visual dizziness, numbness, twitching, tremors.
  • Window of the Sky point, promotes communication between the head and body, many indications are consistient with other points of this group, such as headache, dizziness, throat swelling, earache, eye pain, nosebleeds, aphasia.
  • Psychological issues such as mania, palpitations from fear a/or fright, suicidal thoughts.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used to effect the medulla function (breathing issues, asthma, tight chest, etc.), but GV 17 is used more frequently, useful in spinal cord issues.  

GV 17 Brain's Door

  • Neck/Cervical issues, pain a/or stiffness of the neck, heaviness of the head, headache, dizziness.
  • Epilepsy, mania, lockjaw, loss of voice.
  • Eye pain, excessive lacrimation.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used to effect the medulla functions (heart, lung, blood vessel issues), useful for palpitations, asthma/shortness of breath, multiple sclerosis, lou gehrig's, muscular dystrophy.  

GV 18 Unyielding Space

  • Regulates the liver and calms wind.
  • Stiff neck, headache.
  • Visual dizziness, blurring of vision.
  • Epilepsy, Insomnia, Manic Depression.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used to effect the autonomic nerves, balances internal organs qi, useful for fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, hormone imbalance.  

GV 19 Behind the Vertex

  • Headaches, vertigo, dizziness, neck pain, aversion to wind.
  • Insomnia, psychological issues primarily with manic symptoms, epilepsy.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used to stimulate the sensory cortex (sensations from skin, muscles, and sensory organs), useful for any sensory issue, stimulation also useful for improving qi sensations within treatments, qi gong, etc.  

GV 20 Hundred Convergences

  • Main point for headache, dizziness, eye pain and redness, irritability, hypertension from excess yang in the upper body, often occuring with patterns of excess Liver yang or Liver fire. Combine with lower body points such as LV 2, LV 3, KD 1, GB 34, GB 41.
  • Main point for internal wind which has some overlapping indications with the above entry, for headaches, dizziness, visual dizziness, tinnitus, vertex pain, windstroke, seizures.
  • Main point for prolapse, anal, uterine, vaginal; main point for hemorrhoids.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used to effect the association area (related to emotions, memory, behavior), useful for low energy, yang energy imbalances, parkinson's, alzheimer's, motor control issues.  

GV 21 Before the Vertex

  • Epilepsy - acute and chronic (for children avoid needling before the fontanel has closed).
  • Headaches, migraines, blurry vision, pain a/or swelling along the vertex a/or face.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used to effect the motor cortex, useful for all movement issues, stroke recovery.  

GV 22 Fontanel Meeting

  • Nasal issues - congestion, olfactory problems (i.e. distinguishing smells), nosebleed, polyps.
  • Headaches, primarily from wind in the Chinese Medicine sense of the term, dizziness, vertigo.
  • Psychological issues, particularly related to fear a/or fright, panic attacks, palpitations.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used to effect brain and scalp issues, useful for brain tumors, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, lou gehrig's. Also helpful for improving focus in children (ADD/ADHD).  

GV 23 Upper Star

  • Main point for nose problems, nasal congestion, rhinitis, nasal polyps, sinus headache.
  • Eye/Vision issues - shortsightedness, visual dizziness, painful/red eyes.
  • Facial swelling.
  • Psychological issues, primarily with wind derived mania symptoms from a TCM perspective.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used for face and cervical issues, useful for sinus congestion, eye issues, and neck pain/cervical disc issues.  

GV 24 Spirit Court

  • Local point for frontal headache, chronic sinusitis, nosebleeds, nasal discharge, excessive tearing.
  • Psychological issues with anxiety/mania as a main symptom - anxiety, panic attacks, fear, add, manic depression.
  • Epilepsy, dizziness.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Effects the cranial nerve system, useful for all issues related to the cranial nerves, TMJ, vertigo.  
  • Differentiation: GV 23 is more for nose problems whereas GV 24 is more for headaches.  

GV 25 White Bone-Hole

  • Important point to restore or help maintain consciousness, for shock, loss of consciousness, to revive from drowning.
  • Rosacea, circulation issues in nose.
  • Nasal issues - rhinitis, polyps, discharge, inability or changes in olfactory sensations (smell).
  • May reduce alcohol intoxication (deadman).  

GV 26 Water Trough

  • One of two Command Points (with PC 6) added to the original four, for fainting, collapse. Main point for restoring consciousness, for shock, revivial from fainting, weakness, helps patient to awaken, use fingernail in an emergency.
  • Main point for acute low back sprain, helps relieve pain and restore motion, moves stagnation at the opposite end of the channel. After obtaining the Qi, have pateint bend then rotate the waist.
  • Nosebleed, nasal discharge issues, problems with olfactory sensations (smell).
  • Manic-depression and other strong shen disturbances, epilepsy (seizures).  

GV 27 Extremity of the Mouth

  • Problems of the mouth and sinuses - tongue ulcers, bad breath (halitosis), pain a/or swelling of the gums, nosebleed, nasal congestion.
  • Psychological/Shen issues - manic depression, epilepsy, etc.  

GV 28 Gum Intersection

  • Pain a/or swelling of the gums, stiffness in the lips.
  • Nasal issues - polyps, congestion, pain.
  • Neck pain a/or stiffness with difficulty turning head.
  • Stronger psychological issues, particularly with symptoms of mania.  

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List Of Related Points

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