The ST Meridian - Functions Chart

The ST Meridian

Below you will find clinical usage information for all points along the (ST) Stomach Meridian . You may click on a specific acupuncture point for more detailed information including the location, clinical usages, and related patterns and conditions.

Meridian Graphic

There Are 45 Points Along The (ST) Stomach Meridian ...

The ST Meridian Functions Chart

ST 1 Tear Container


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  • Any eye issue, although ST 2 is a good alternative and arguably safer to needle.
  • Excessive lacrimation, redness, dryness, painful a/or itchy eyes/eyelids, twitching of the eyelids.
  • Visual disturbances, night blindness.

ST 2 Four Whites


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  • Any eye problem - red, painful and/or itchy eyes, excessive lacrimation, twitching of the eyelids.
  • Facial paralysis.
  • Good alternative to ST 1 and safer to needle for those not properly trained.

ST 3 Great Bone-Hole


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  • Local point - Twitching eyelids, pain a/or swelling of the cheek, trigeminal neuralgia, toothache.
  • Deviation from stroke, bell's palsy, facial paralysis.
  • Swelling of the knee (Deadman text).

ST 4 Earth Granary


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  • Facial pain - Bell's palsy, facial paralysis, trigeminal neuralgia, deviation of mouth from stroke, toothache.
  • Inability to close the eye, eye twitching, itching, night blindness.
  • Inability to eat.
  • May be helpful for atrophy and/or movement issues within the legs.

ST 5 Great Reception


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  • Local point - Pain a/or swelling of the cheek/jaw, neck pain, lockjaw, toothache.
  • Stiff tongue leading to speech problems, frequent yawning.
  • Inability to close eye.

ST 6 Jawbone


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  • Eliminate wind from the face - TMJ, toothache, Bell's palsy, twitching, facial pain/paralysis.
  • Loss of voice, deviation of mouth/face, lockjaw.

ST 7 Below the Joint


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  • TMJ, facial pain, lower jaw toothache.
  • Hearing issues, deafness, tinnitus, ear pain, ear discharge/infections.

ST 8 Head Corner


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  • Classically mentioned for "splitting headache; headache w/nausea/vomiting; headache w/eye pain (migraine)" - particularly for frontal headaches.
  • Poor vision, twitching eyelids, eye pain, excessive tearing.
  • Dizziness.
  • Hair loss.

ST 9 Man's Prognosis


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  • In ancient times the ST Qi was assessed by palpating the pulse here and at ST 42.
  • Regulation of Blood Pressure - lowering high blood pressure.
  • Headache, dizziness.
  • Sore throat, counterflow qi (vomiting), coughing, hiccups.
  • Acute lumbar sprain, lower back pain.
  • Window of the Sky Point - restores Qi flow between the body and the head - useful with headache, chest tightness, asthma.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used to effect the common carotid artery. With acupuncture and tuina we often use LI 18 instead as it is safer, for Tong Ren and light tuina, however, it is fine to use. 
  • Falls into the category of Window of the Sky points within the Tam Healing system.

ST 10 Water Prominence


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  • Local point - swollen/sore throat, shortness of breath, goitre, scrofula.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used to effect the circulation within the common carotid artery and the vagus nerve.  Useful for issues such as high cholesterol, constipation, cancer of the larynx, etc. 
  • Falls into the category of Window of the Sky points within the Tam Healing system.

ST 11 Qi Abode


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  • Local point - sore/swollen throat - counterflow qi, cough, hiccups, reflux.
  • Neck pain - pain, inability to turn neck.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Main point to open the circulation of the common carotid artery.  Useful for conditions such as acid reflux, arteriosclerosis, hypertension, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, etc. 
  • Falls into the category of Window of the Sky points within the Tam Healing system.

ST 12 Empty Basin


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  • Shoulder pain (esp. that radiates to neck).
  • Neck/throat issues - tightness/pain.
  • Cough, counterflow qi, sore, swollen throat (rebellious lung qi).
  • Internal branch of the ST meridian connects here directly from the Stomach, Spleen & Diaphragm - tonify middle warmer.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used to effect the circulation within the subclavian artery.  Useful for bursitis, tennis elbow, carpal tunnel syndrome, etc. 
  • Falls into the category of Window of the Sky points within the Tam Healing system.

ST 13 Qi Door


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  • Asthma, cough, wheezing, chest distention, hiccups.
  • Local point - rib pain, inability to turn head, neck pain.

ST 14 Storeroom


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  • Cough.
  • Sensation of tightness a/or fullness in the chest.

ST 15 Roof


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  • Asthma, chest oppression, fullness a/or pain in the chest.
  • Breast pain, distention, mastitis, abscess.
  • General pain, heaviness and/or itching of the whole body.

ST 16 Breast Window


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  • Chest tightness a/or pain, asthma, cough.
  • Breast pain, abscess, mastitis.
  • Swelling of the lips (with LV 3).

ST 17 Breast Center


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  • Never needled or treated, simply a body landmark for locating points on the chest.

ST 18 Breast Root


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  • Any issues with the breasts - mastitis, pain/swelling, insufficient lactation.
  • Chest tightness/oppression, asthma, cough.

ST 19 Not Contained


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  • Abdominal pain, bloating, vomiting (rebellious stomach qi).
  • Gastric pain, gall bladder issues.
  • Anorexia, poor appetite.

ST 20 Assuming Fullness


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  • Abdominal pain, bloating, hiccups, gastric pain, vomiting.
  • Anorexia, poor appetite, diarrhea.
  • Shortness of breath, wheezing.

ST 21 Beam Gate


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  • Tonifies Middle Warmer, assists CV 12.
  • Epigastric pain, accumulations of food in the abdomen a/or palpable masses, vomiting.
  • Diarrhea, poor appetite, anorexia.

ST 22 Pass Gate


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  • Abdominal pain, bloating, gurgling in the stomach/intestines (boborygmus).
  • Diarrhea, constipation, poor appetite.
  • Edema.
  • Useful for bedwetting with HT 7 and UB 40 or LU 1 and HT 7 (deadman text).

ST 23 Supreme Unity


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  • Abdominal pain, epigastric pain, bloating, poor appetite, diarrhea.
  • Shen/Spirit related imbalances related to phlegm - manic depression, irritability, anxiety.
  • Used with ST 24 for manic depression with stiff/thrusting tongue.

ST 24 Slippery Flesh Gate


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  • Epigastric pain, vomiting (rebellious qi).
  • Similar effects as ST 23 on phlegm related shen issues - manic depression, anxiety, mania.
  • Used with ST 23 for manic depression with stiff/thrusting tongue.

ST 25 Celestial Pivot


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  • All intestinal issues - constipation, diarrhea, dysentary, distention, pain, masses/accumulations of any type.
  • Irregular menstruation, painful menstruation, fibroids/cysts, fertility issues and leukorrhea.
  • Connects the Upper and Lower Warmers (pre & post natal Qi).

ST 26 Outer Mound


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  • Abdominal pain, bloating, hernias.
  • Menstrual issues - dysmenorrhea (cramps/painful menstruation), amenorrhea (absense of menstruation), irregular cycles.

ST 27 Great Gigantic


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  • Beneficial for multiple genito-urinary issues in men - impotence (erectile dysfunction), seminal emission, premature ejaculation, difficult urination, etc.
  • Irregular menstruation.
  • Abdominal pain, bloating, hernia.
  • Fear/fright with palpitations, anxiety, panic attacks, insomnia, etc..

ST 28 Waterway


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  • Excess Cold/Damp Issues of the Lower Warmer - retention of urine, inflammations.
  • Gynecological issues of an excess nature - dysmenorrhea, fibroids, cysts.
  • Fertility issues in women, cold in the uterus.
  • Expel either the placenta after birth or a still born child.

ST 29 Return


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  • Excess or Cold/Deficient disorders of the Lower Warmer - amenorrhea, irregular menstruation, dysmenorrhea, qi stagnation/masses, leukorrhea.
  • Uterine prolapse, hernia.
  • Infertility, genital pain and/or swelling, impotence, seminal emission.
  • Running Piglet Disorder.

ST 30 Surging Qi


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  • Upper Sea of Water & Grain Point - excess or deficient conditions of the Stomach - hypogastric pain, bloating, abdominal pain.
  • Regulates the Intestines - borborygmus, hernia - rectal, inguinal.
  • Regulates genitalia - swelling and pain, impotence.
  • Regulates menstruation - irregular menstruation, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, uterine bleeding.
  • Running Piglet Disorder.

ST 31 Thigh Joint


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  • ST 31, ST 32 & ST 33 are all useful for Bi-Syndromes a/or Wei Syndromes (flaccidity or weakness) of the lower legs.
  • Pain in the thigh, muscular atrophy/weakness, knee pain, low back pain.

ST 32 Crouching Rabbit


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  • ST 31, ST 32 & ST 33 are all useful for Bi-Syndromes a/or Wei Syndromes (flaccidity or weakness) of the lower legs.
  • Muscular atrophy of the lower leg, thigh, knee pain, low back pain.
  • Beriberi (thiamine, B1 deficiency).

ST 33 Yin Market


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  • ST 31, ST 32 & ST 33 are all useful for Bi-Syndromes a/or Wei Syndromes (flaccidity or weakness) of the lower legs.
  • Weakness, numbness, motor control issues of the leg and/or knee.

ST 34 Beam Hill


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  • Lateral knee issues, swelling, pain, difficult movement.
  • Pain, motor control, circulation issues of the knee and/or lower leg.
  • Excess & Acute issues of the Stomach and chest - acute Stomach pain, GERD, vomiting, acute breast pain.

ST 35 Calf's Nose


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  • Knee problems.  Often used with heding and the medial xiyan extra points.
  • Weakness and/or motor control issues of the lower leg, atrophy.
  • Beriberi (Thiamine, B1 deficiency).

ST 36 Leg Three Li


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  • Tonify deficient Qi a/or Blood.
  • Tonify Wei Qi and Qi overall - low immunity, chronic illness, poor digestion, general weakness, particularly with moxibustion, very important acupuncture point for building and maintaining overall health.
  • All issues involving the Stomach a/or the Spleen - abdominal/epigastric pain, borborygmus, bloating, nausea, vomiting, GERD, hiccups, diarrhea, constipation, etc.
  • Clear disorders along the course of the channel - breast problems, lower leg pain.
  • Earth as the mother of Metal - will support Lung function in cases of asthma, wheezing, dyspnea.
  • Psychological/Emotional disorders - PMS, depression, nervousness, insomnia.

ST 37 Upper Great Hollow


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  • Generally for excess and more acute disorders of the intestines and digestive system involving dampness and/or heat - diarrhea, dysentary, boborygmus, abdominal pain, bloating, distention, constipation.
  • Sea of Blood Point - if excess the patient may have feelings of largeness, whereas, if deficient the patient may feel small.

ST 38 Ribbon Opening


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  • Empirical point for shoulder issues - pain, motor control, adhesive capsulitis or "frozen shoulder." 
  • Local point for lower leg issues - pain, atrophy, numbness.

ST 39 Lower Great Hollow


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  • Disorders of the Small Intestine organ - abdominal pain, diarrhea, dysentary.
  • SI channel problems - breast issues, mastitis, pain/swelling/numbness along channel.
  • Local point for lower leg issues - pain, numbness, motor control, atrophy.

ST 40 Beautiful Bulge


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  • Empirical point to resolve phlegm in the body anywhere from any origin.
  • Phlegm in the head - headaches, dizziness / vertigo, depression, poor concentration, stronger shen disturbances - mania.
  • Phlegm in the body - chest oppression, breathing issues, asthma, cough.
  • Plum Pit Qi, sore throat, loss of voice.
  • Issues with the lower limbs involving pain, swelling, numbness, weakness, etc.

ST 41 Ravine Divide


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  • Opposite end of channel issues (i.e. head/face) - swelling, headache, dizziness / vertigo.
  • Abdominal pain, bloating, constipation.
  • Can aid groundedness and focus - ADD/ADHD, mania, restlessness, palpitations, epilepsy.
  • Local point for ankle issues - sprains, inflammation, motor impairment, foot pain, pain in the 1st and 2nd toes.

ST 42 Surging Yang


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  • Issues on the upper end of the channel (i.e. mouth/face/head) - upper mouth/teeth issues, toothache, deviation of the face as in bell's palsy or stroke.
  • Local point for foot pain - pain, swelling, redness - also motor control issues of the foot.

ST 43 Sunken Valley


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  • Similar actions to ST 44 but used less often - will clear heat from the channel and organ.
  • Classically noted for clearing facial pain and/or edema / swelling.  May be used for general edema.
  • Abdominal pain, bloating, borborygmus, frequent belching.
  • Local point for pain and/or swelling of the dorsum of the foot. 

ST 44 Inner Court


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  • Ying Spring Point - Clears heat from the channel and organ - febrile disease with absence of sweating. 
  • Useful for issues of the Face & Jaw along with LI 4 - toothache, facial pain, bell's palsy, stroke, sore throat, eye pain.
  • Damp Heat in the intestines - diarrha, dysentary, distention, abominal pain, constipation, GERD.
  • Interior heat that presents with cold signs - Feel hot but hands/feet are cold or Red tongue w/cold extremities.
  • Local point for pain and/or swelling of the dorsum of the foot.

ST 45 Severe Mouth


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  • Release heat a/or move stagnation from the channel and organ - headaches, toothaches, facial pain, sore throat, TMJ, bell's palsy, facial deviation from stroke.
  • Agitation a/or insomnia w/heat signs, excessive dreaming, loss of consciousness, manic depression - calms the spirit.
  • Moves cold in the lower limbs, shin, knee.

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