Entry Exit Point Theory and Applications

Entry Exit Point

Traditional Chinese Medicine utilizes a number of theories which group acupuncture points together based on their functions and/or other relationships. Many of these theories are important in a clinical setting and are used, along with other theory and diagnostic information, to decide which acupuncture points will be used for a given condition.

Below you find information regarding the entry and exit points. See our Acupuncture Point Categories section for a complete list of point categories.

For complete information about a single point, click on it within the chart.

Entry Exit Points Theory and Applications

  • Not all of the entry exit points are the first and the last points on a meridian. The exceptions are LU 7, LI 4, ST 42, KD 22, PC 8, TH 22 and GB 41.
  • The entry exit points do not have a strong theoretical usage in modern clinical practice, however, they may be considered if you want to allow a relative excess or deficiency in one meridian to be offset by it's yin yang paired meridian. For example, if you want to drain excess from the LU and have it flow into a deficient LI you could needle LU 7 and LI 4.
  • The Entry Exit points are used extensively in Five Element (Worsley) Style Acupuncture. Our article on Classical Five Element Acupuncture discusses the clinical usage of the entry/exit points.

Entry Exit Points Chart

The entry/exit points that are not the first or the last points on the meridian are marked with an "*" and with the first or last point within parentheses. The entry/exit points are also in red on the meridian flow diagram following the chart.



LU LU 1 LU 7 *(LU 11)
LI LI 4 *(LI 1) LI 20
PC PC 1 PC 8 *(PC 9)
TH TH 1 TH 22 *(TH 23)
HT HT 1 HT 9
SI SI 1 SI 19
SP SP 1 SP 21
ST ST 1 ST 42 *(ST 45)
LV LV 1 LV 14
GB GB 1 GB 41 *(GB 44)
KD KD 1 KD 22 *(KD 27)
UB UB 1 UB 67

The following chart shows the meridian flow, activity times and entry/exit points.

meridian flow chart showing entry and exit points

Point Categories

What Points Are In This Category?

LU 1 Central Treasury

  • Lung Front MU Point - useful for all LU Issues, especially of Excess Type - cough, wheezing, asthma.
  • LU disharmonies involving Phlegm/Heat excess arising from the middle warmer - vomiting, difficult ingestion.  

LU 7 Broken Sequence

  • Exterior Wind - body aches, chills/fever, runny nose, scratchy throat, sneezing.
  • Internal Wind - bell's palsy, twitching, spasms, lockjaw.
  • As Master Point of the CV, paired with KD 6 of the Yin Qiao Mai - treats genitourinary and gynecological issues also Yin deficient sore throat.
  • Command Point of the Head and Posterior Neck - useful for any conditions involving these areas.
  • Pain of the thumb - Luo Connecting Point spreads over the thenar eminence.

PC 1 Celestial Pool

  • Window of the Sky Point, opens the chest - fullness, counterflow qi, cough with phlegm.
  • Headache, blurred vision, axillary sweating, malarial disorders, difficulty moving the limbs.
  • Breast disorders, breast abscess, insufficient lactation.

PC 8 Palace of Toil

  • Excess heat conditions, more cooling than PC 7 which can be used for heat from an excess or deficient issue.
  • Heat in the mouth, mouth or tongue ulcers, cold sores from Heart or Stomach Fire.
  • Cools Ying and Blood stage heat, fevers with damage to the yin.
  • Cools the Blood, blood in the stool or urine, nosebleeds.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Important point for qi gong healing, can increase internal energy by placing PC 8 on GV 20.

HT 1 Highest Spring

  • Regulate Qi flow from the torso to the arm and vice versa - cold, numbness, pain in shoulder a/or arm.
  • Pain in the cardiac region - heart pain, chest pain, shortness of breath, anxiety, palpitations.
  • Frozen shoulder.
  • Pain a/or distention of the upper thoracic area.

HT 9 Lesser Surge

  • Jing Well Point - clear heat a/or obstruction from the opposite end of the channel, eye pain a/or redness, mouth ulcerations, sores.
  • Can be bled or needled for emotional disturbances - strong restlessness, anxiety, panic attacks, manic depression, epilepsy, etc.
  • Restore consciousness - heart attack, stroke.
  • Emergency heart attack point - strong stimulation.
  • Fullness below the heart - stagnation, pain a/or distention in the HT area.

SI 1 Lesser Marsh

  • Breast disorders of any etiology, insufficient lactation, mastitis, breast abscess, cysts.
  • Jing Well Point, clear heat from the opposite end of the channel, for eye redness, earache, tinnitus, sore throat, stiff tongue.
  • Headache, dizziness, loss of consciousness.
  • Local point for problems of the little finger and the course of the channel - pain and/or weakness of the arm and/or shoulder.  

SI 19 Auditory Palace

  • Ear problems of any etiology, inflammation, deafness, tinnitus, hearing loss.
  • TMJ, toothache.
  • Calms the spirit - manic behavior, epilepsy, sensation of pressure below the heart.  

TH 1 Passage Hub

  • Similar to TH 3 which is used more clinically.

TH 22 Harmony Bone Hole

  • Local Point.

LI 4 Union Valley

  • Releases the exterior for wind-cold or wind-heat syndromes
  • Strengthens the wei qi, improves immunity
  • Regulates the sweat glands, for excessive sweating tonify LI 4 then disperse KD 7 and vice versa.
  • Any problem on the face - sense organs, mouth, teeth, jaw, toothache, allergies, rhinitis, hay fever, acne, eye problems, etc.
  • Toothache use both LI 4 & ST 44 - LI for the lower jaw & ST for the upper jaw.
  • Headache, especially frontal a/or sinus (yangming area).
  • Chronic Pain
  • Influence the circulation of Qi and Blood - Use the four gates, LI 4 & LV 3 to strongly move the Qi and Blood in the body clearing stagnation and alleviating pain.
  • Promote labor or for retained placenta  

LI 20 Welcome Fragrance

  • Loss of smell or taste, nasal discharge, any nose a/or sinus issues, nasal polyps, rhinitis, sinusitis, allergies. Often combined with LI 19 and other local points.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Sinus issues, often combined with LI 17 and the huatuo of C3.  

SP 1 Hidden White

  • Any Bleeding Issues, esp. from SP Deficiency - reckless bleeding, hemorrhage, blood in the urine/stools.
  • Emotional issues esp. with aspects of worry - worried dreams, depression.
  • Possibly useful for eating disorders originating from stress/worry.

SP 21 Great Embracement

  • Mentioned classically that when this point is deficient, all the joints are flaccid, and when excess, pain all over the body.
  • Pain of the thoracic region.
  • Descends lung qi - cough, chest oppression, shortness of breath.

LV 1 Large Pile

  • Jing Well Point - loss of consciousness, moves Qi in the genital area.
  • Shan Disorder - swollen genitals.
  • Lin Disorders.
  • Uterine/Menstrual bleeding from excess or deficiency.
  • Emotional manifestations of LV Qi Stagnation - inappropriate emotions, depression, lethargy.

LV 14 Cycle Gate

  • Strong effect on the middle and upper warmers - subcostal tension, chest/rib pain, LV overacting on the LU (cough, SOB).
  • Effects LV organ, Qi/Blood stagnation - hepatitis, gallstones.
  • Emotional imbalances - anger, irritability.
  • Running Piglet Disorder.

KD 1 Gushing Spring

  • Descends excess from above, useful for LV Yang Rising or LV Fire - headaches, tinnitus, hypertension, epilepsy.
  • Cooling KD empty heat - chronic sore throat, dry mouth, low back pain.
  • Tonify KD/HT Yin - insomnia, palpitations, anxiety, poor memory, mania, rage w/desire to kill, hot flashes, night sweats.
  • Loss of consciousness, yang collapse.
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used to descend the energy in the body particularly after qi gong exercises, energy healing sessions, etc. Useful for headache, nausea, insomnia, etc.

KD 22 Corridor Walk

  • Local Point, generally useful for cough, chest tension, constricted breathing

UB 1 Bright Eyes

  • Main point for all eye disorders especially from wind (internal or external), excess, a/or heat.
  • Eye pain, strain, redness, swelling, itching, twitching, blurry vision, etc.
  • Myopia, color blindness, night blindness.
  • Glaucoma, optic nerve atrophy, cataracts.

UB 67 Reaching Yin

  • Clears pain a/or stagnation from the opposite end of the channel: headache, eye pain, sinus pain, etc.
  • Use with moxabustion to adjust breech fetal position (generally indirect moxa for 10-20 minutes 1x/day).

ST 1 Tear Container

  • Any eye issue, although ST 2 is a good alternative and arguably safer to needle.
  • Excessive lacrimation, redness, dryness, painful a/or itchy eyes/eyelids, twitching of the eyelids.
  • Visual disturbances, night blindness.

ST 42 Surging Yang

  • Issues on the upper end of the channel (i.e. mouth/face/head) - upper mouth/teeth issues, toothache, deviation of the face as in bell's palsy or stroke.
  • Local point for foot pain - pain, swelling, redness - also motor control issues of the foot.

GB 1 Pupil Bone Hole

  • LV Yang/Heat Rising effecting the head - headache, eye problems, similar to Taiyang which is used more.
  • Local point for manifestations of heat - pain, inflammation, etc

GB 41 Foot Overlooking Tears

  • Moves LV Qi - menstrual/breast disorders, distal point for headaches (lateral or migraines - classical mentioned for occipital or vertex).
  • As the name indicates - "foot overlooking tears," useful for eye problems, redness, swelling and lacrimation issues, tearing, excessive lacrimation.
  • Local point for lateral foot issues - pain, cramping

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