Theory

Bai Shao White Peony Root - Chinese Herbal Medicine


Bai Shao Names

  • English Name: White Peony Root
  • Pinyin Name: Bai Shao

Bai Shao Image

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Bai Shao Cautions


    Contraindication Notes:

    • Incompatible with Li Lu
    • Avoid in cases of yang deficiency and cold in the middle jiao - diarrhea, cold sensation in the stomach.


Bai Shao Clinical Usages and Indications

  • Nourishes the blood and regulates menstrual problems due to blood deficiency (pale, lusterless complexion and nails) - menstrual dysfunction, vaginal discharge, uterine bleeding - very common herb for gynecological disorders (Si Wu Tang).
  • Calms liver yang, alleviates pain from constrained liver qi or disharmony between the liver and the spleen due to liver yang rising - cramping and spasms (limbs and abdomen), abdominal pain from dysentery, headache and dizziness.
  • Preserves yin, adjusts ying and wei levels - vaginal discharge and spermatorrhea, exterior wind-cold from deficiency with continuous sweating, spontaneous sweating, night sweats.


Bai Shao Dosage and Prep Notes

  • Dosage: 6-15g




Clinician Notes

  • Less cold, but bitter - clears liver heat or blood heat but weaker than Chi Shao Yao.

Bai Shao Appears In 30 Formulas

Ba Zhen Wan

  • Eight Treasure Combination
    • For recovery of qi and blood after acute trauma or accident
    • For frequent heavy menstrual cycles
    • Pale complexion, fatigue, dizziness from qi deficiency
    • Vertigo, palpitations, anxiety from blood deficiency
  • Tonify
  • Tonify the Qi and Blood
  • Cautions
    • Do not confuse with Ba Zheng Wan - which is a clearing formula.

Bai He Gu Jin Wan

  • Lily Bulb to Preserve the Metal
    • General yin deficiency signs may present as night sweats, heat in the soles and palms, and flusing.
    • Cough/wheezing, possible blood in the sputum, dry and sore throat may present from lung yin and qi deficiency.
    • Useful for treating people who quit smoking or those with acute smoke exposure.
  • Treat Dryness
  • Enrich the Yin and Moisten Dryness

Ban Xia Xie Xin Wan

  • Pinellia Drain Epigastrium Pills
    • Distension and fullness of the epigastrium usually without pain.
    • Borborygmus (gurgling sounds), and diarrhea if spleen qi is affected.
    • Vomiting with possible dry heaves due to rebellious stomach qi.
  • Harmonize
  • Harmonize the Stomach and Intestines
  • Cautions
  • Do not use for epigastric distention due to food stagnation.  Use with caution if patient has yin deficiency.

Du Huo Ji Sheng Wan

  • Solitary Hermit Teapills
    • For chronic pain due to obstruction (bi zheng) with liver and kidney deficiency.
    • For lower back pain often with weakness and/or pain in the knees.
    • For arthritis, especially the type affected by cold/damp weather.
  • Expel Dampness
  • Dispel Wind-Dampness
  • Cautions
    • Use with caution during pregnancy.
    • Do not use with patients that present with damp heat or excess heat.

Fang Feng Tong Sheng Wan

  • Ledebouriella Pills to Sagely Unblock
    • High fever with aversion to cold.
    • Thick phlemg that may be both in sinus and chest.
    • Vertigo or dizziness that is caused by excess heat.
    • Rashes, carbuncles, and other types of skin disorders that are caused by heat.
    • Constipation and scanty or dark urine.
  • Release the Exterior
  • Release Exterior-Interior Excess
  • Cautions
    • Contraindicated for pregnancy.
    • Use with caution for patients presenting with loose stools or diarrhea.

Gan Bing Zhi Ben Wan

  • Liver Disease Recovery Pills
    • Irritibility or easily prone to outburts or anger.
    • Liver disease such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, fatty liver.
    • Jaundice - yellowing of the skin, brittle nails, pale complexion.
  • Regulate the Qi
  • Promote the Movement of Qi
  • Cautions
    • Ovoid foods and drugs that tax the liver such as coffee, alcohol, fried foods, etc.
    • Use with caution during pregnancy.

Gu Zhi Shu Song Wan

  • Osteoporosis Tablets
    • For bone disorders includeing osteoporosis and osteopenia.
    • May help reduce or prevent further bone loss.
  • Tonify
  • Tonify the Qi

Jia Wei Xiao Yao Wan

  • Free and Easy Wanderer Pills
    • Derived from the base formula, xiao yao wan, an important formula for liver qi stagnation with herbs added to clear heat.
    • Liver qi stagnation - menstrual issues, painful cycles, irregular cycles, breast distention, PMS, acne.
    • A range of mild to moderate psychological issues arising from liver qi stagnation such as anxiety, depression, panic disorder, insomnia, anger issues, etc.
    • Physical symptoms from liver qi stagnation such as headaches, tightness in the chest, cold hands and feet, various eye issues.
  • Harmonize
  • Regulate and Harmonize the Liver and Spleen

Jiao Ai Wan

  • Ass-Hide Gelatin and Mugwort Formula
    • Uterine bleeding/spotting.
    • Abdominal/Uterine/Ovarian cramping.
    • Irregular menstruation, history of miscarriage - due to spleen failing to regulate the blood.
  • Stop Bleeding
  • Tonify and Stop Bleeding
  • Cautions
    • Avoid in cases of beng lou (flooding and spotting) when caused by heat or accompanied with strong heat signs.

Jin Gu Die Da Wan

Juan Bi Wan

  • Remove Painful Obstruction Decoction
    • Wind-cold-damp bi syndromes in qi deficient patients - joint pain possibly with heaviness of the limbs that generally improves with movement.  Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gouty arthritis.  With wind-cold-damp patterns other inflammatory conditions such as fibromyalgia.
    • Atrophy from qi and blood stagnation - stroke recovery.
  • Expel Dampness
  • Dispel Wind-Dampness

Ma Zi Ren Wan

Qi Xue Da Bu Wan

  • Nourish Qi & Blood Pills
    • Fatigue, lethargy, sensation of feeling heavy or cold.
    • Low appetite, bloating, borborygmus, loose bowels.
    • Impotence, infertility, low libedo.
    • Insomnia, night sweats, vivid dreams, nightmares.
  • Tonify
  • Tonify the Qi and Blood

Qing Bi Wan

Ren Shen Yang Rong Wan

  • Ginseng Decoction to Nourish the Nutritive Qi
    • Tonifies both qi and blood and nourishes the heart and calms the spirit - generally used for weakness from longer term or deep diseases such as cancer and for a host of other conditions affecting a broad range of the body and psyche such as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and autoimmune conditions such as Lupus, Scleroderma, MCTD.
    • Anemia.
    • May be used alone or in conjunction with a formula such as yu ping feng wan to enhance immunity - particularly in patients with frequent colds and flus.
    • Raynaud's condition in addition to the other connective tissue issues listed above.
    • Micturition syncope, nephritis, cancers of the genitourinary tract.
    • Male infertility, possibly with Gui Zhi Fu Ling Wan, for sperm volume and motility issues.
    • Along with other immune benefits, hepatitis C.
    • Lung cancer.
  • Tonify
  • Tonify the Qi and Blood
  • Cautions
    • Use with caution or seek an alternative in deficiency cases with very pronounced sensations of coldness.  Part of this is due to the relatively neutral (i.e. non warming) aspects of this formula.

Shao Yao Gan Cao Wan

  • Peony and Licorice Decoction
    • Cramping and/or muscle spasms that are due to fluid deficiency.
    • Frozen shoulder, trigger finger.
    • General tightness or cramps especially along the tendons or ligaments.
    • Restless leg syndrome for patients who present with yin and blood deficiency as the primary cause.
  • Harmonize
  • Regulate and Harmonize the Liver and Spleen

Shi Quan Da Bu Wan

Shu Gan Wan

  • Liver Comfort Pills
    • Abdominal and/or Hypochondriac pain, cramps or spasms resulting from liver qi stagnation.
    • Alternating chills and fever.
    • Nausea, bloating, acid reflux, alternating stools, or IBS like symptoms caused by the liver invading the spleen.
  • Harmonize
  • Regulate and Harmonize the Liver and Spleen
  • Cautions
    • Use with caution with pregnancy.

Shu Jing Huo Xue Wan

  • Relax The Channels and Invigorate The Blood Decoction
    • Primarily used for blood stasis with wind-damp in the channels and collaterals characterized by internal deficiency with external excesses - joint pain, muscle aches, numbness and/or pain in the lower extremities (may be severe).
    • Wind-cold damp bi-syndrome (i.e. arthritis) - particularly in the lower part of the body, hips, knees, lower back.
    • Sciatic pain with the correct underlying pattern.
    • Neck pain with the correct underling pattern.
    • Fractures that are reluctant to heal, particularly in the lower body.
  • Invigorate the Blood
  • Invigorate the Blood and Dispel Blood Stasis
  • Cautions
  • Pregnancy
    • Avoid during pregnancy.
    • Generally not for long term use and use with caution if at all in deficient patients.

Si Ni San Wan

  • Frigid Extremities Powder Pills
    • Coldness in the limbs with simultaneous heat in the body.
    • Irritibility, possibly with fullness in the chest or epigastrium. 
  • Harmonize
  • Regulate and Harmonize the Liver and Spleen
  • Cautions
    • Not for cold extremities from yang or Blood deficiency.
    • Use with caution or avoid in very weak patients who cannot sustain the movement that this formula creates.

Si Wu Tang Wan

  • Four Substances Pills
    • The primary base formula for tonifying the blood and regulating menstruation in Chinese Medicine terms - irregular cycles, amenorrhea or long cycles.
    • Postpartum issues such as uterine bleeding when arising from blood deficiency.
    • General blood deficiency symptoms - dry skin, dry eyes, dry hair, anemia, calf cramping.  Certain version of dermatitis, psoriasis and other skin conditions - diabetic ulcers, etc.
    • With the right underlying factors threatened miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy.
    • Fertility issues, endometriosis.
  • Tonify
  • Tonify the Blood
  • Cautions
    • Avoid during the early phases of a cold or flu.

Tong Xie Yao Fang Wan

Wen Jing Wan

Wu Ji Bai Feng Wan

Wu Ling San Wan

Xi Guan Jie Bi Tong Wan

  • Knee Joint Pain Relief
    • Arthritis from damp heat in Chinese Medicine terms.
    • Knee issues with kidney and liver systems involvement.
    • Lower body pain and/or inflammation - hips, knees, ankles, toes especially when the pain moves around due to interior wind.
    • Connective tissue disorders.
  • Expel Dampness
  • Dispel Wind-Dampness

Xiao Qing Long Wan

  • Minor Blue Dragon Pills
    • Cold/flu like symptoms such as aversion to cold, cough, clear watery phlegm -from exterior wind cold invasion.
    • Wheezing, heavy sensation, edema due to interior water accumulation.
  • Release the Exterior
  • Release Exterior-Interior Excess
  • Cautions
    • Not meant for long term use.

Xiao Yao Wan

  • Free and Easy Wanderer
    • Depression, anxiety, loss of motivation - resulting from liver qi stagnation.
    • Fatigue, bloating, changes in appetite from the combination of spleen qi deficiency with liver qi stagnation.
    • PMS, breast distention, irregular menstruation and in some cases infertility.
  • Harmonize
  • Regulate and Harmonize the Liver and Spleen
  • Cautions
    • Use with caution during pregnancy.

Yu Dai Wan

  • Cure Discharge Leucorrhea Pill
    • Abnormal vaginal discharge - yellow or green colour, cottage-cheese like texture and foul smelling.
    • Painful urination, burning, increased urgency/frequency. 
    • Yeast infection.
  • Expel Dampness
  • Clear Damp-Heat



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