Theory

Bai Shao White Peony Root - Chinese Herbal Medicine


Bai Shao Names

  • English Name: White Peony Root
  • Pinyin Name: Bai Shao

Bai Shao Image

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Bai Shao Cautions


    Contraindication Notes:

    • Incompatible with Li Lu
    • Avoid in cases of yang deficiency and cold in the middle jiao - diarrhea, cold sensation in the stomach.


Bai Shao Clinical Usages and Indications

  • Nourishes the blood and regulates menstrual problems due to blood deficiency (pale, lusterless complexion and nails) - menstrual dysfunction, vaginal discharge, uterine bleeding - very common herb for gynecological disorders (Si Wu Tang).
  • Calms liver yang, alleviates pain from constrained liver qi or disharmony between the liver and the spleen due to liver yang rising - cramping and spasms (limbs and abdomen), abdominal pain from dysentery, headache and dizziness.
  • Preserves yin, adjusts ying and wei levels - vaginal discharge and spermatorrhea, exterior wind-cold from deficiency with continuous sweating, spontaneous sweating, night sweats.


Bai Shao Dosage and Prep Notes

  • Dosage: 6-15g




Clinician Notes

  • Less cold, but bitter - clears liver heat or blood heat but weaker than Chi Shao Yao.

Bai Shao Appears In 27 Formulas

Ba Zhen Wan

  • Eight Treasure Combination
    • For recovery of qi and blood after acute trauma or accident
    • For frequent heavy menstrual cycles
    • Pale complexion, fatigue, dizziness from qi deficiency
    • Vertigo, palpitations, anxiety from blood deficiency
  • Tonify
  • Tonify the Qi and Blood
  • Cautions
  • Do not confuse with Ba Zheng Wan

Bai He Gu Jin Wan

  • Lily Bulb to Preserve the Metal
    • General yin deficiency signs may present as night sweats, heat in the soles and palms, and flusing.
    • Cough/wheezing, possible blood in the sputum, dry and sore throat may present from lung yin and qi deficiency.
    • This formula can recovering smokers.
  • Treat Dryness
  • Enrich the Yin and Moisten Dryness

Ban Xia Xie Xin Wan

  • Pinellia Drain Epigastrium Pills
    • Distension and fullness of the epigastrium usually without pain.
    • Borborygmus (gurgling sounds), and diarrhea if spleen qi is affected.
    • Vomiting with possible dry heaves due to rebellious stomach qi.
  • Harmonize
  • Harmonize the Stomach and Intestines
  • Cautions
  • Do not use for epigastric distention due to food stagnation.  Use with caution if patient has yin deficiency.

Du Huo Ji Sheng Wan

Fang Feng Tong Sheng Wan

Gan Bing Zhi Ben Wan

Gu Zhi Shu Song Wan

Jia Wei Xiao Yao Wan

  • Free and Easy Wanderer Pills
    • Derived from the base formula, xiao yao wan, an important formula for liver qi stagnation with herbs added to clear heat.
    • Liver qi stagnation - menstrual issues, painful cycles, irregular cycles, breast distention, PMS, acne.
    • A range of mild to moderate psychological issues arising from liver qi stagnation such as anxiety, depression, panic disorder, insomnia, anger issues, etc.
    • Physical symptoms from liver qi stagnation such as headaches, tightness in the chest, cold hands and feet, various eye issues.
  • Harmonize
  • Regulate and Harmonize the Liver and Spleen

Jiao Ai Wan

  • Ass-Hide Gelatin and Mugwort Formula
  • This formula is generally a tonifying agent with herbs to invigorate the blood it is used for excessive menstruation, excessive spotting between periods or bleeding during pregnancy.  Other uses would be uterine bleeding and restless fetus syndrome.

    The Tongue is generally pale with a thin white coat and the Pulse will be thin and frail.

  • Stop Bleeding
  • Tonify and Stop Bleeding
  • Cautions
    • Avoid in cases of beng lou (flooding and spotting) when caused by heat or accompanied with strong heat signs.

Ma Zi Ren Wan

Ming Mu Di Huang Wan

Qi Xue Da Bu Wan

Shi Quan Da Bu Wan

Si Ni San Wan

  • Frigid Extremities Powder Pills
  • Used for liver qi stagnation and counterflow qi to the limbs (i.e. cold limbs with hot/stagnant trunk).  Principle signs would be those of liver qi stagnation (depression, mood swings, PMS, grinding of the teeth), hypochondriac pain and/or abdominal pain.

    The tongue will generally be purple/red - darker and the pulse will be wiry or possibly mixed to indicate heat trapped within and stagnation to the extremities.  

  • Harmonize
  • Regulate and Harmonize the Liver and Spleen
  • Cautions
    • Not for cold extremities from yang or Blood deficiency.
    • Use with caution or avoid in very weak patients who cannot sustain the movement that this formula creates.

Si Wu Tang Wan

  • Four Substances Pills
    • The primary base formula for tonifying the blood and regulating menstruation in Chinese Medicine terms - irregular cycles, amenorrhea or long cycles.
    • Postpartum issues such as uterine bleeding when arising from blood deficiency.
    • General blood deficiency symptoms - dry skin, dry eyes, dry hair, anemia, calf cramping.  Certain version of dermatitis, psoriasis and other skin conditions - diabetic ulcers, etc.
    • With the right underlying factors threatened miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy.
    • Fertility issues, endometriosis.
  • Tonify
  • Tonify the Blood
  • Cautions
    • Avoid during the early phases of a cold or flu.

Tong Xie Yao Fang Wan

Wu Ji Bai Feng Wan

Wu Ling San Wan

Xi Guan Jie Bi Tong Wan

  • Knee Joint Pain Relief
    • Arthritis from damp heat in Chinese Medicine terms.
    • Knee issues with kidney and liver systems involvement.
    • Lower body pain and/or inflammation - hips, knees, ankles, toes.
    • Connective tissue disorders.
  • Expel Dampness
  • Dispel Wind-Dampness

Xiao Yao Wan

  • Free and Easy Wanderer
    • Depression, anxiety, Headache, vertigo, hypochondriac pain, fatigue, poor appetite, bitter taste in the mouth.  In women - PMS, breast distention, irregular menstruation, fertility issues.
    • The Pulse will be wiry and deficient and the Tongue will be pale-red/purplish.
  • Harmonize
  • Regulate and Harmonize the Liver and Spleen

Yu Dai Wan




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