- Expels wind-heat (acrid), benefits throat - fever, cough, sore, red, swollen throat.
- Clears heat (bitter, cold), relieves toxicity, vents rashes - red swellings, carbuncles, mumps, acute febrile rashes, early stages of measles with incomplete expression.
- Moistens intestines (rich plant oil - slippery) - constipation due to wind-heat (cold nature of the herb).
Itchy and red skin lesions, possibly with weeping, comprising such conditions as psoriasis, eczema, acne, dermatitis, etc.
The Pulse will generally be forceful, floating and rapid and the Tongue will have a yellow or white tongue coating.
Common cold, flu, general immunity, fever w/slight or no chills, headache, desire for fluids, cough, sore throat.
Pulse will be floating and rapid and the Tongue will have a red tip with a thin white or yellow tongue coating.