TCM Herbs that influence the Spleen Channel

Spleen - General Concepts:

Below you will find Chinese Herbs that enter the Spleen Channel. Related Information [Meridian].

There are (111) herbs which influence the Spleen Channel:

TCM HerbClinical Functions
Ai Ye
    • Warms the womb and stops bleeding - useful in cases of prolonged menstrual bleeding and uterine bleeding due to cold from deficiency patterns.
    • Warms the womb and pacifies the fetus - restless fetus syndrome, lower abdominal pain (menstrual), vaginal bleeding as in threatened miscarriage, infertility due to cold womb.
    • Used often as moxibustion for tonification and the movement of qi stagnation.
Bai Bian Dou
    • Clears summerheat - especially with pronounced diarrhea or vomiting.
    • Strengthens the spleen - chronic diarrhea, vaginal discharge due to spleen deficiency.
Bai Dou Kou
    • Transforms dampness - low appetite, greasy tongue coat, stifling sensation in the chest.
    • Warms the middle warmer (stomach/spleen) and descends rebellious qi - vomiting due to cold from spleen/stomach qi deficiency or stomach cold.
    • Transforms stagnation - fullness in the chest.
Bai Fu Zi
    • Dries dampness, transforms phlegm, expels wind-cold, stops spasms - wind-phlegm affecting the head including wind stroke, facial paralysis, hemiplegia, migraines.
    • Relieves toxicity, dissipates nodules - snake bite, scrofula.
Bai Hua She
    • Powerfully unblocks the channels and dispels wind - chronic wind-damp with numbness and weakness of the limbs and cramping of the sinews, tinea, numbness of the skin, any type of rash, spasms, facial paralysis or hemiplegia due to wind-stroke.
Bai Shao
    • Nourishes the blood and regulates menstrual problems due to blood deficiency (pale, lusterless complexion and nails) - menstrual dysfunction, vaginal discharge, uterine bleeding - very common herb for gynecological disorders (Si Wu Tang).
    • Calms liver yang, alleviates pain from constrained liver qi or disharmony between the liver and the spleen due to liver yang rising - cramping and spasms (limbs and abdomen), abdominal pain from dysentery, headache and dizziness.
    • Preserves yin, adjusts ying and wei levels - vaginal discharge and spermatorrhea, exterior wind-cold from deficiency with continuous sweating, spontaneous sweating, night sweats.
Bai Xian Pi
    • Clears heat, relieves fire toxicity, expels wind, dries dampness - wind-heat or damp-heat sores, carbuncles, rashes with excessive pus, moist skin; also for damp-heat jaundice (only in combination).
Bai Zhu
    • Tonifies the spleen, augments qi, dries dampness - diarrhea, fatigue, lack of appetite, vomiting, edema.
    • Stabilizes the exterior and stops sweating - spontaneous sweating due to qi deficiency.
    • Calms the fetus - arising from spleen deficiency.
Ban Xia
    • Dries dampness, transforms cold-phlegm, descends rebellious qi - cough with copious sputum especially due to dampness of spleen.
    • Harmonizes stomach, stops vomiting due to lingering phlegm-dampness in the stomach.
    • Dissipates nodules, reduces distension - phlegm in chest or neck or anywhere in the body, focal distention in the chest.
Bie Jia
    • Nourish yin, anchor yang - yin deficiency with fever, steaming bone, night sweats, often used when accompanied with internal liver wind symptoms.
    • Invigorate blood, promotes menses, dissipates nodules - chest and flank accumulations causing pain, amenorrhea, malarial disorders with palpable masses, excessive menses due to heat in the blood.
Bing Pian
    • Aromatically opens orifices, revives the spirit - fainting, convulsion.
    • Clears heat, alleviates pain, dissipates nodules, alleviates itching - topically for pain, swelling of the throat, skin disease, eye disease (photophobia, excessive tearing), regenerates flesh.
Bu Gu Zhi
    • Tonify Kidney, strengthen yang - impotence, premature ejaculation, cold and painful lower back.
    • Stabilizs jing and reserves urine - enuresis, incontinence of urine, frequent urination, spermatorrhea.
    • Tonify and strengthen spleen yang - cold deficient spleen diarrhea, borborygmus, abdominal pain.
    • Aids kidneys to grasp lung qi - wheezing, asthma.
    • Apply topically for alopecia, psoriasis, vitiligo.
Can Sha
    • Expels wind-damp - bi syndromes, itchy rashes due to wind-damp.
    • Harmonizes the stomach, transforms turbid dampness - vomiting, diarrhea, cramps, abdominal pain, borborygmus.
Cang Zhu
    • Strongly dries dampness, strengthens spleen - low appetite, diarrhea, epigastric distention, fatigue, vomiting, greasy tongue coat.
    • Expels wind-damp-cold (bi-syndrome) in extremities.
    • Clears damp-heat from lower burner (combine with clear-heat herbs, however, as this has a warm nature (for example, Er Miao San) - vaginal discharge, swollen and sore joints.
    • Induces sweating, release the exterior.
    • Improves vision.
Cao Dou Kou
    • Dries dampness, warms middle burner - damp-cold the spleen and stomach with abdominal distention, vomiting, diarrhea.
Chen Pi
    • Regulates Qi, improves transportive function of the spleen, relieves diaphragm - epigastric/abdominal distention, fullness, bloating, belching, nausea, vomiting (promotes movement of qi in general; specifically directing it downward - good for different types of nausea/vomiting).
    • Important herb for drying dampness and the transformation of phlegm - coughs with stifling sensation in the chest/diaphragm, and copious viscous sputum (qi-level herb).
    • Prevents stagnation - prevents cloying of tonifying herbs.
    • Ju Hong is the red part of the tangerine peel - it is more drying and aromatic.
Chen Xiang
    • Promotes the movement of Qi, alleviates pain - distention and pain in abdominal region due to cold from deficiency or blood stasis.
    • Directs rebellious Qi downward - excess/deficiency wheezing, vomiting, belching, hiccups due to cold from deficiency of the middle jiao.
    • Helps the kidneys grasp Qi - asthma and wheezing.
Chi Shao
    • Invigorates blood, dispels stasis (stronger than Mu Dan Pi) - dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, abdominal pain and masses, traumatic pain associated with swelling, early stages of abscesses and boils.
    • Clears heat, cools the blood (especially for excess heat in the blood) - for heat entering the blood level with fever, purple tongue, skin blotches, bleeding, gyn issues.
    • Clears liver fire - for red swollen, painful eyes.
Chi Shi Zhi
    • Binds the intestines, stops cold diarrhea - cold diarrhea with mucus and bleeding.
    • Contain the blood, stop bleeding - uterine bleeding, excess menses, prolapse.
    • Promotes healing of wounds, chronic ulcers, topically for weeping damp sores.
Chuan Jiao
    • Warms the middle warmer, disperses cold, alleviates abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea - spleen or stomach cold from deficiency patterns.
    • Abdominal pain due to roundworms (auxiliary herb).
Da Fu Pi
    • Promotes the downward movement of Qi, reduces stagnation - food stagnation and qi obstruction w/epigastric and abdominal distention, belching, acid regurgitation, constipation.
    • Expels damp, promotes urination - edema, dampness in the stomach and intestines.
Da Ji
    • Cools the blood, stops bleeding due to reckless movement of hot blood - nosebleed, vomiting blood, blood in urine or stool, uterine bleeding.
    • Reduces swelling, generates flesh - topically for carbuncles, sores, swellings.
Da Zao
    • Tonifies spleen qi - weakness, shortness of breath, reduced appetite, loose stools.
    • Nourishes the blood, calms the spirit - irritability, pale complexion, emotional disturbances, restlessness.
    • Useful to harmonize the harsh properties of other herbs.
Dan Nan Xing
    • Transforms phlegm heat, extinguishes wind, stops convulsions - muscle spasms/cramps, infantile convulsions, seizure disorders, facial paralysis, stroke (CVA) from wind and phlegm obstruction.
    • Zhi (or Tian) Nan Xing is prepared with fresh ginger and Dan Nan Xing is prepared with cow bile.
Dang Gui
    • Tonifies the blood, regulates menses - pallid, ashen complexion, tinnitus, blurred vision, palpitations, irregular menses, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea.
    • Invigorates/harmonizes the blood, disperses cold - important herb to stop pain due to blood stasis - abdominal pain, trauma, carbuncles due to blood stasis, chronic bi.
    • Moistens dry intestines due to blood deficiency.
    • Reduces swellings, expels pus, generates flesh - sores.
Dang Shen
    • Tonifies the middle warmer, augments the qi - lack of appetite, fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting, any spleen qi deficiency issues, prolapse of uterus, stomach, rectum.
    • Tonifies the lungs - lung deficiency w/chronic cough, shortness of breath, copious sputum due to spleen qi deficiency.
    • Nourishes fluids - xiao ke, thirst due to injury to fluids.
    • Often used with herbs that release the exterior when patient has significant qi deficiency.
Di Long
    • Drains liver heat, stops spasms an convulsions - high fever with convulsions and seizures.
    • Clears lung heat - wheezing.
    • Clears heat in the channels and promotes movement - swollen, painful joints with limited range of motion, sequelae of wind-stroke.
    • Clears heat and promotes urination - hot painful urinary dysfunction, edema.
    • Hypertension associated with liver yang rising.
Ding Xiang
    • Warms middle warmer, directs rebellious Qi downward - cold in the stomach with vomiting, hiccups, abdominal pain, diarrhea.
    • Warms kidney yang - impotence, leukorrhea due to Kidney yang deficiency.
E Zhu
    • Breaks up blood stasis, promotes movement of Qi, alleviates pain - abdominal pain, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, abdominal masses, epigastric masses due to blood stasis.
    • Dissolve food stagnation, accumulations.
Fang Feng
    • Releases exterior, expel wind-cold (headache, chills, body ache)
    • Bi-Syndromes, Wind-Damp, alleviates pain, relieves spasms (not very strong, only as a supporting herb)
    • Trembling hands and/or feet
    • Spleen/Liver intestinal issues - painful diarrhea, bright blood in stool
    • Migraines
    •  
Fo Shou
    • Regulates and soothes liver Qi - rib pain and distention, belching.
    • Harmonizes the stomach and strengthens the spleen - epigastric pain and distention, lack of appetite, belching, vomiting.
    • Dries dampness and transforms phlegm - chronic cough with phlegm and chest pain (weak, not well suited for acute conditions).
Fu Ling
    • Promotes urination, drains dampness, transforms phlegm - urinary difficulty, diarrhea, edema, headache, dizziness, greasy tongue coat.
    • Strengthens the spleen, harmonizes the middle jiao - diarrhea, loss of appetite.
    • Quiets the heart and calms the spirit - palpitations, insomnia, forgetfulness.
Fu Zi
    • Restores devastated yang - extreme cold limbs with abundant cold symptoms.
    • Assists heart yang to unblock vessels and improve circulation, tonifies kidney yang to augment fire and avoid loss of the basal yang.
    • Warms fire and assists yang - any problem associated with weak heart, spleen, and/or kidneys.
    • Disperses cold, warms the channels, alleviates pain - wind-damp-cold bi, cold blocking organs, channels, sinews, bones or blood vessels.
Gan Cao
    • Tonifies the spleen and augments qi - spleen deficiency w/shortness of breath, fatigue, loose stools (si jun zi tong).
    • Qi and/or blood deficiency w/irregular pluse or palpitations (Zhi Gan Cao Tang).
    • Moistens the lungs and stops cough - heat/cold in the lungs (Ma Xing Shi Gan Tang).
    • Clears heat and toxic fire (raw) - carbuncles, sores, sore throat due to fire toxin (internally or topically).
    • Alleviates pain and stops spasms - abdomen or legs (Shao Yao Gan Cao Tang).
    • Often used to harmonize and/or moderate characteristics of other herbs.
    • Antidote for toxic substances (internally and topically).
Gan Jiang
    • Warms the middle and expels cold - warms spleen and stomach both in conditions of excess due to externally contacted cold, as well as cold from deficiency due to yang qi deficiency.
    • Rescues devastated yang, expels interior cold - very weak pulse and cold limbs.
    • Warms the lungs and transforms phlegm - lung cold with thin, watery or white sputum.
    • Warms the channels, stops bleeding - hemorrhage of various types, especially for uterine bleeding (must be due to cold - chronic and pale in color, with cold limbs, soggy pulse).
Gao Liang Jiang
    • Warms the middle warmer, alleviates pain - epigastric/abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, hiccup due to cold in the middle warmer.
Ge Gen
    • Releases muscles, clears heat - exterior disease in subcutaneous region and muscles (governed by spleen and stomach) - fever, headache, stiffness in the back and the neck.
    • Nourishes fluids, alleviates thirst - stomach heat, externally-contracted heat.
    • Vents measles - accelerates rash at early stages.
    • Alleviates diarrhea - diarrhea or dysenterial disorders due to heat; may be used for spleen deficiency diarrhea if combined with other herbs.
    • Alleviates symptoms of hypertension - headaches, dizziness, tinnitus.
Gu Ya
    • Reduces food stagnation, strengthens spleen.
    • Stagnation caused by starchy food.
Guan Zhong
    • Kills parasites - tapeworms, roundworms, hookworms.
    • Drains heat and relieves fire toxicity - wind-heat colds, damp-heat induced sores, carbuncles.
    • Cools the blood and stops bleeding - bleeding due to hot blood, uterine bleeding.
Guang Fang Zi
    • Expels wind-damp-heat - diffuse aches and pains, thirst, yellow, greasy tongue coat.
    • Promotes urination and reduces edema (facial or systemic) with wheezing or leg qi.
Hai Tong Pi
    • Dispels wind-damp (hot or cold), unblocks the channels - bi syndromes, especially in the lower back and/or knees or spasms of the extremities.
    • Promotes urination, reduces edema - superficial edema due to dampness.
    • Itchy skin - lesions, scabies.
Han Fang Zi
    • Promotes urination, reduces edema - lower extremity edema, borborygmus, abdominal distention, ascites from lower jiao damp accumulation.
    • Expels wind-damp-heat, alleviates pain - fever, red, swollen, hot, painful joints.
He Ye
    • Treats summerheat patterns - fever, irritability, excessive sweating, scanty urine, diarrhea due to summerheat.
    • Raises and clears the spleen yang - diarrhea due to spleen deficiency, especially after summer-heat.
    • Stops bleeding - lower burner bleeding due to heat or stagnation, also for vomiting blood.
Hou Po
    • Promotes movement of Qi, transforms dampness, resolves stagnation - dampness in spleen/stomach, food stagnation, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal distention (*important herb for this).
    • Warms and transforms phlegm and directs rebellious lung Qi downward - wheezing, phlegm with coughing, stifling sensation in the chest.
Huang Jing
    • Tonify spleen qi and yin - with poor appetite, fatigue, dry mouth, loss of taste, dry stool, dry red tongue.
    • Moistens the lungs - dry cough, little sputum due to lung qi and yin deficiency.
    • Tonify kidneys, strengthen jing - lower back pain/weakness, lightheadedness.
    • Xiao Ke.
Huang Qi
    • Tonifies spleen qi - lack of appetite, fatigue, diarrhea.
    • Raises yang qi of spleen and stomach - prolapse of uterus, stomach, rectum, uterine bleeding.
    • Augments the wei qi and stabilizes the exterior - deficiency w/spontaneous sweating, frequent colds or shortness of breath.
    • Tonify qi and blood due to loss of blood - postpartum fever.
    • Edema from deficiency.
    • Promote discharge of pus, generate flesh - sores due to deficiency.
Huo Ma Ren
    • Moistens and nourishes the intestines - constipation in the elderly, aftermath of a febrile disease, postpartum, and in cases of blood deficiency.
    • Mildly nourishes yin - constipation with yin deficiency.
    • Clears heat - promotes healing of sores (orally or topically).
Huo Xiang
    • Aromatically transforms turbid dampness - abdominal distention, nausea, vomiting.
    • Harmonizes middle burner, stops vomiting due to dampness.
    • Releases the exterior (wind-damp-cold, summer heat), stomach flu.
Ji Nei Jin
    • Strongly reduces food stagnation, strengthen the transport function of the spleen.
    • Malnutrition in children.
    • Secures kidney essence, stops enuresis - bed wetting, frequent urination, nocturia.
    • Transforms hardness - gall bladder, bladder, and/or kidney stones.
Ji Xue Cao
    • Useful for gastrointestinal disorders related to damp heat - pain, dysentery, enteritis.  Liver involved symptoms such as jaundice.
    • Diarrhea from summerheat.
    • Cools the blood and stops bleeding - nosebleeds, bleeding in the urine, uterine bleeding.
    • Useful to clear heat from the liver and benefit the eyes - glaucoma, cataracts, pinkeye.
Ji Xue Teng
    • Promotes the movement of blood, tonify the blood - blood deficiency patterns such as irregular menses, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, accompanied with abdominal pain.
    • Invigorate the channels, relax the sinews - numbness of the extremities, lower back pain, knee pain, damp bi-syndrome, w/blood deficiency or stasis.
Jiang Huang
    • Invigorate blood, unblock menses - chest and abdominal pain, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, pain and swelling due to trauma.
    • Promote the movement of Qi, alleviate pain - epigastric and/or abdominal pain.
    • Expel wind, promote movement of blood - wind damp painful obstruction w/blood stasis (particularly in the shoulders).
Jiang Xiang
    • Disperses blood stasis, stops bleeding - internal injuries due to trauma, fracture.
    • Invigorates blood, promotes qi movement - epigastric and abdominal pain.
Jiu Ji Nu
    • Dispels blood stasis, unblocks menses - amenorrhea, post partum abdominal pain, pain due to trauma.
    • Topically - burns, bleeding from wounds, contusions.
Lai Fu Zi
    • Reduces food stagnation, transforms accumulations - distention, belching with a rotten smell, acid regurgitation.
    • Descends lung qi, reduces phlegm - chronic cough or wheezing due to excess syndromes.
Lian Zi
    • Tonify the spleen and binds - chronic diarrhea, loss of appetite.
    • Tonify the kidneys and stabilize the jing - stop leukorrhea and spermatorrhea, premature ejaculation.
    • Nourish heart, calm the spirit - irritability, anxiety, palpitations, insomnia.
Long Yan Rou
    • Tonify heart and spleen, nourish blood, calm the spirit - insomnia, palpitations, poor memory, dizziness.
Luo Han Guo
    • Moistens and cools the lungs - hot coughs from lung yin deficiency.
    • Dissipates nodules - phlegm nodules in the neck, scrofula.
Ma Qian Zi
    • Unblock the channels, disperse clumps - reduces swelling and alleviates pain.
    • Abscess, yin-type ulcers, pain due to trauma, wind-damp obstruction.
Mai Ya
    • Reduces food stagnation, strengthens stomach (also useful for infants).
    • Inhibits lactation - for discontinuing nursing, distended and painful breasts.
    • Reduces liver Qi - intercostal or epigastric distention, belching, loss of appetite.
Mei Gui Hua
    • Promotes the movement of Qi and relieves constraint - liver-stomach disharmony with pain and distention in the flanks and epigastrium, belching, poor appetite.
    • Promotes the movement of Qi, harmonizes the Blood, disperses stasis - irregular menses, breast tenderness (PMS), menstrual pain; stasis from trauma.
Mi Tuo Seng
    • Absorbs fluid, reduces swelling, stops bleeding.
Ming Fan
    • Relieves toxicity, kills parasites, dry dampness, alleviate itch.
    • Topical wash for scabies, ringworm, damp or damp heat rash.
    • Swollen painful eyes, throat, and jaundice.
    • Stops bleeding, alleviates diarrhea - chronic blood in the stool/urine, hemorrhoidal bleeding, nosebleed, bleeding gums, any external bleeding.
    • Clears heat, expels phlegm, wind phlegm - irritability, delirium, convulsions, cough with thick sticky sputum.
Mo Yao
    • Invigorate blood, dispel blood stasis, reduces swelling, alleviate pain - trauma, sores, carbuncles, swellings, abdominal masses, painful obstruction, chest pain, abdominal pain, amenorrhea.
    • Promotes healing of chronic non-healing sores.
Mu Gua
    • Relaxes the sinews and muscles - bi syndromes in the lower back and/or lower extremities, calf cramps.
    • Harmonizes the stomach, transforms dampness, reduces food stagnation - abdominal pain and spasms.
Mu Xiang
    • Promotes the movement of Qi, alleviates pain - stagnant qi of the stomach and/or spleen causing lack of appetite, abdominal pain, distention, nausea; liver or gallbladder qi stagnation causing flank pain, distention.
    • Regulates stagnated Qi in the intestines - diarrhea, abdominal pain (common herb to treat tenesmus).
    • Strengthens the spleen and prevents stagnation, used with tonifying herbs to reduce side effects.
Pei Lan
    • Aromatically transforms middle burner dampness - stifling sensation in the chest, nausea.
    • As it has a neutral property and doesn't cause dryness it can be used for damp-heat conditions - halitosis, excess saliva.
    • Summer heat with nausea.
    • Often used with Huo Xiang.
Pu Huang
    • Stops bleeding (external and internal) - traumatic injury, uterine bleeding, vomiting blood, nosebleed, coughing blood, blood in urine or stool.
    • Invigorate blood, dispels stasis - chest pain, postpartum abdominal pain, menstrual pain due to blood stasis.
Qian Shi
    • Strengthen spleen - stop diarrhea, good for children.
    • Stabilize kidneys, retains jing - patterns of kidney qi deficiency with nocturnal emission, premature ejaculation, spermatorrhea, urinary frequency.
    • Expels damp - damp heat or deficient leukorrhea.
Ren Shen
    • Strongly tonify yuan qi - extreme collapse of qi, shortness of breath, cold limbs, profuse sweating, weak pulse (often used alone for this condition after severe blood loss).
    • Tonify lung qi - wheezing, shortness of breath, w/kidneys failing to grasp the qi.
    • Strengthen the middle warmer - lethargy, no appetite, chronic diarrhea, prolapse of organs, distended chest/abdomen.
    • Generates fluids, stops thirst - xiao ke, damaged fluid due to high dever and profuse sweating.
    • Benefits heart qi, calms the spirit - palpitations, anxiety, insomnia, poor memory, restlessness due to qi and/or blood deficiency.
Rou Dou Kou
    • Binds the intestines, stops chronic/daybreak diarrhea due to cold from spleen and kidney deficiency.
    • Warms the middle burner, moves Qi - alleviates pain in abdomen, vomiting due to cold from deficiency of the spleen and stomach.
Rou Gui
    • Warms the kidneys and fortifies yang - aversion to cold, cold limbs, weak back, impotence, frequent urination; also for waning of spleen and kidney yang with abdominal pain and cold, reduced appetite, diarrhea; wheezing due to failure of the kidneys to grasp the Qi.
    • Leads floating yang back to its source - upward floating of deficient yang; flushed face, wheezing, severe sweating (like oil), weak and cold lower extremities, deficient and rootless pulse (false heat-true cold, or heat above-cold below).
    • Disperses deep cold, warms the channels, alleviates pain due to cold causing qi or blood stasis; amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea.
    • Encourages generation of Qi and blood.
Ru Xiang
    • Invigorate blood, dispel blood stasis, alleviate pain - trauma, carbuncles and swellings, chest and/or abdominal pain.
    • Relax the sinews, invigorates the channels, alleviates pain - bi syndromes, rigidity, spasms.
    • Reduces swellings, generates flesh - topically for sores, carbuncles, traumatic injury.
San Leng
    • Breaks up blood stasis, promotes movement of Qi, alleviates pain - amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, post partum abdominal pain, abdominal masses.
    • Dissolves food stagnation, accumulations.
Sang Bai Pi
    • Drains lung heat - cough, wheezing.
    • Promotes urination, reduces edema - lung heat obstructing downward movement of lung qi, preventing water from moving - no sweating, facial and floating edema, fever, thirst, difficult urination.
    • Recently for hypertension.
Sha Ren
    • Transforms dampness, stops vomiting - nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea.
    • Promotes movement of Qi, strengthens stomach.
    • Calms the fetus, morning sickness.
    • Prevents tonifying herbs from causing stagnation. (See also Bai Dou Kou, Yi Zhi Ren)
Shan Yao
    • Tonify the spleen and stomach qi - diarrhea, fatigue, spontaneous sweating, lack of appetite.
    • Tonify the lung qi and yin - chronic cough/wheezing.
    • Strengthen the kidney yin and yang - not hot nor cold, benefits both yin and yang, xiao ke, also binds the jing - spermatorrhea, vaginal discharge, frequent urination.
Shan Zha
    • Reduces and moves food stagnation outward - accumulation of meat and/or greasy foods with distention, pain, diarrhea.
    • Transforms blood stasis, dissipates clumps - post-partum abdominal pain, hernial disorder.
    • Stops diarrhea (when partially charred).
    • Hypertension.
Shang Lu
    • Drives out water through the urethra and anus - edema associated with severe constipation and urinary difficulty.
    • Reduces sores and carbuncles (topically).
She Xiang
    • Opens the orifices, revives the spirit, unblocks closed disorders (a wide variety of problems that impair consciousness) - heat entering the pericardium, convulsions, delirium, stupor fainting, closed disorders, tetanic collapse, phlegm collapse, seizures.
    • Invigorates the blood, dissipates clumps, reduces swelling, alleviates pain - toxic sores, carbuncles, fixed masses, channel obstructions due to trauma.
Shen Qu
    • Reduces food stagnation, strengthens stomach - stomach cold with food stagnation or accumulation, with epigastric and abdominal fullness or distention, lack of appetite, borborygmus, and diarrhea.
    • Aids in mineral digestion and absorption.
Sheng Jiang
    • Release the exterior, wind-cold, regulate ying and wei qi
    • Warms the middle jiao - stomach cold/vomiting
    • Alleviates coughing, warms lung
    • Reduces toxicity of other herbs
Sheng Ma
    • Releases the exterior, vents muscles - accelerates the early stages of skin rashes, headache from wind-heat (forehead - stomach channel).
    • Clears heat, relieves toxicity - toxins in the upper or superficial areas, swelling, painful, sore gums, lips, and/or throat.
    • Raises yang, lifts spleen qi sinking (strong than Ge Gen) - for middle qi deficiency leading to shortness of breath, fatigue, prolapse of stomach, uterus, or rectum.
    • Serves to guide other herbs upwards.
Su He Xiang
    • Opens the orifices, penetrates through turbidity - for closed disorders, phlegm blockages, epidemic toxic disease, especially cold disorders.
    • Pain in the chest and abdomen.
Su Mu
    • Invigorate blood, reduce swelling - post partum abdominal pain, amenorrhea, pain and swelling due to trauma.
    • Stops bleeding - excessive post partum bleeding with vertigo and shortness of breath.
Suan Zao Ren
    • Nourishes heart yin, tonifies liver blood, quiets the spirit - irritability, insomnia, palpitations, anxiety due to blood or yin deficiency.
    • Prevents abnormal sweating - spontaneous sweating, nightsweats.
Tai Zi Shen
    • Strengthen the spleen, augment qi - fatigue, reduced appetite.
    • Tonifies lung qi - spontaneous sweating.
    • Generates fluids - thirst, injury to fluids after a febrile disease, fever, summerheat in children.
Tan Xiang
    • Promotes Qi movement, alleviates pain - chest and abdomen pain.
Tian Nan Xing
    • Dries dampness and expels phlegm - cough and distension in the chest, extremely drying.
    • Disperses wind-phlegm in the channels and stops spasms - dizziness, numbness, facial paralysis, spasms in the hands and feet, stroke, seizures, lockjaw.
    • Reduces swelling and alleviates pain (topically).
Tu Bie Chong
    • Breaks up and drives out blood stasis - wide variety of blood stasis such as abdominal masses and amenorrhea, numb and swollen tongue due to blood stasis.
    • Renews joints, sinews, bones - contusions, fractures, lacerations.
Wa Leng Zi
    • Invigorate blood, dissolve phlegm, dissipate nodules - abdominal masses (mobile or fixed, due to blood stasis/stagnation qi/accumulation of phlegm).
    • Absorb acid, alleviate pain - chronic stomach pain, ulcer, vomiting of acid.
Wu Ling Zhi
    • Disperse blood stasis, alleviate pain - amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, post partum abdominal pain, epigastric pain due to blood stasis.
    • Transforms stasis, stop bleeding - uterine bleeding, lochioschesis.
    • Childhood nutritional impairment with focal distention.
    • Use raw to invigorate blood and dry-fry to stop bleeding.
Wu Mei
    • Inhibit leakage of lung qi - lung deficiency cough.
    • Binds intestines - chronic diarrhea or dysentery.
    • Generates fluids - alleviates thirst due to heat from deficiency or qi and yin deficiency, xiao ke.
    • Expels roundworm - alleviates abdominal pain.
    • Stops bleeding - blood in the stool, uterine bleeding with blood deficiency signs (dryness, thirst, parched mouth).
Wu Shao She
    • Same as Bai Hua but less powerful, not toxic.
Wu Yao
    • Promotes the movement of Qi, alleviates pain by warming and dispersing - flank, chest, epigastric, abdominal pain, hernia, menstrual pains due to cold constraint and qi stagnation.
    • Warms the kidneys - frequent urination or incontinence due to kidney yang deficiency and cold from deficiency of the bladder.
Wu Zhu Yu
    • Warms the middle, disperses cold, relieves constraint in the liver channel and alleviates pain - headaches, nausea, cold hernia in the liver channel region.
    • Redirects stomach Qi downwards - due to liver and/or stomach disharmony.
    • Warms the spleen and expels damp cold, stops diarrhea.
    • Leads fire downwards - mouth/tongue canker sores (externally applied to canker sores).
Xian He Cao
    • Stops bleeding due to cold, heat, excess, or deficiency patterns - vomiting blood, coughing blood, nosebleed, bleeding gums, blook in the urine, uterine bleeding.
    • Alleviates diarrhea, dysentery.
    • Kills parasites.
Xiao Hui Xiang
    • Spreads liver Qi, warms the kidneys, expels cold, alleviates pain - cold hernial disorders, lower abdominal pain due to cold.
    • Regulates Qi and harmonizes the stomach - stomach cold with abdominal pain, indigestion, reduced appetite, vomiting.
Xuan Fu Hua
    • Redirects lung qi downward, expels cold-phlegm - wheezing and copious sputum.
    • Stops vomiting, rebellious qi - from cold due to deficiency of stomach or spleen.
Yi Yi Ren
    • Promotes urination, drains dampness - edema, difficult urination, damp leg qi.
    • Strengthens the spleen, stops diarrhea.
    • Clears heat and expels pus - carbuncles, lung or intestinal abscesses.
    • Expels wind-damp, relieves joint and muscle pain.
    • Clears damp-heat - any damp-heat disorder at any level with greasy tongue coating and digestive problems.
Yi Zhi Ren
    • Warms the kidneys, retains essence, holds urine - spermatorrhea, frequent and copious urine, urinary incontinence, dribbling urine.
    • Warms the spleen, stops diarrhea - cold spleen or stomach patterns with diarrhea, cold abdominal pain, excess salivation, thick/bad taste in the mouth.
Yin Chen Hao
    • Main herb for Jaundice.
    • Clears damp heat from the liver and gallbladder - relieves jaundice (either damp heat or cold).
    • Clears heat, shao yang syndrome (intermittent fever and chills, bitter taste, stifling sensation in the chest, flank pain, dizziness, nausea).
Yu Li Ren
    • Moistens intestines, unblocks the bowel - constipation due to qi stagnation in intestines.
    • Promotes urination and reduces edema in the legs.
Ze Lan
    • Promotes movement of blood and menstruation - pain due to blood stasis obstructing menses, post partum abdominal pain from stasis.
    • Invigorates blood and dispels blood stasis - topically and interally for pain and swelling from traumatic injury or abscess.
    • Promotes urination - post partum edemc or lin, systematic or facial edema.
Zhi Gan Cao
    • This preparation increases the qi tonifying aspects of the heart and spleen along with its general harmonizing function within formulas.  See Gan Cao for complete information.
Zhi Ke
    • Milder actions - move qi and reduce distention (good for weak patients).
Zhi Shi
    • Breaks up Qi stagnation, reduces accumulations, transforms phlegm - epigastric or abdominal pain and distention or indigestion w/focal distention or gas.
    • Directs qi downward and unblocks bowels - frequently used for abdominal pain and constipation by accumulation and stagnant Qi.
    • Transforms phlegm and expels focal.
    • Used with Qi tonifying herbs for the prolapse of organs.
    • Raises blood pressure.
Zhu Ling
    • Promotes urination, drains dampness - edema, scanty urination, cloudy painful urination, vaginal discharge, jaundice, diarrhea.
Zi Su Ye
    • Release the exterior, disperse cold - wind-cold w/fever
    • Resolve qi stagnation, open chest - vomiting, nausea
    • Calm restless fetus - morning sickness
    • Seafood poisoning - alone or in combination w/other herbs
Zi Zhu
    • Stops bleeding, both internally and externally - particularly useful for blood in the urine.
    • Treatment of burns and sores.
Zong Lu Pi
    • Binds and stops bleeding - coughing of blood, blood tinged sputum, nosebleed, blood in the stool, uterine bleeding.